Peshawar the Capital and the largest city of the Khyber pakhtunkhwa, has enjoyed tremendous historical, Military and political importance because of the Khyber Pass which has been a vintage point as a gateway for invaders of the sub-continent.
Peshawar derives its name from a Sanskrit word 'Pushpapura', meaning the city of flowers. Peshawar's flowers were even mentioned in Mughal Emperor Babur's memoirs. It has an area of 74,521 km²(28,773 sq mi) and a population of about 4 million. The KP capital is divided into three sections, the old city, cantonment and a modern residential area.