Peshawar is the capital and the largest city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Peshawar holds tremendous historical, military and political importance due to the Khyber Pass, which has been a vantage point as a gateway for invaders of the subcontinent.
Peshawar derives its name from the Sanskrit word 'Pushpapura', meaning the city of flowers. Peshawar's flowers were even mentioned in Mughal Emperor Babur's memoirs. It has an area of 74,521 km² (28,773 sq mi) and a population of about 4 million. The KP capital is divided into three sections, the old city, cantonment and a modern residential area.